Sunday, May 24, 2020
The pursuit of beauty is an interest of mine that has been cultivated through this class. The philosophy of Aesthetics has left me curious to see how those near me have experienced and perceived their own beauty. My curiosities led me to want to see the works of local artists via the arts districts of Oklahoma City. So, I began to search for where to find their pieces. After a few days of research and contemplation, I chose to view DNA Gallery; a local art gallery that features native artists. The gallery had several paintings from various artists. I walked around, spending a good amount of time studying the pieces that I found interesting. Some of the works were over one-thousand dollars! I made sure to keep my hands to myself. Some others casually strolled through the exhibits along with me, taking quietly amongst themselves. An elderly man, who I suspect played some part in the management of DNA Gallery, sat quietly outside of the buildingÃ¢â¬â¢s front entrance, able to view all on comers. There was a bit of ironic tension between the paintings and I. The room seemed to be so quiet on the surface. In fact, even the weather was incredibly still and mild that day. All felt at peace in my immediate surrounds. However, the paintings themselves cried out to me. I felt overwhelmed by the immense creativity and depth that leaked out of the artistsÃ¢â¬â¢ works. Awe struck my mind like a well-sounded bell. To this day it puzzles me how a human can create such individual, original works ofShow MoreRelatedStatement of Purpose23848 Words Ã |Ã 96 Pages................... 46 Ohio Wesleyan University Writing Center Ã © 2011 Writing Guidelines for Statements of Purpose (Developed by the Writing Center, Ohio Wesleyan University, 2010-2011) A statement of purpose focuses on your academic interests and accomplishments, though you may use Ã¢â¬â¢IÃ¢â¬â" and include a personal anecdote or two, while a personal statement includes more autobiographical material and may be written as a personal narrative. A quality statement of purpose will distinguish youRead More65 Successful Harvard Business School Application Essays 2nd Edition 147256 Words Ã |Ã 190 Pagesapplicants require up-to-date materials and inspiration to match the current environment. 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It is worth noting that this book is created by The Harbus News Corporation, an independent nonprofit entity, not theRead MoreRastafarian79520 Words Ã |Ã 319 PagesRastafari This page intentionally left blank Rastafari From Outcasts to Culture Bearers Ennis Barrington Edmonds 2003 198 Madison Avenue, New York, New York 10016 Oxford University Press is a department of the University of Oxford It furthers the Universitys objective of excellence in research, scholarship, and education by publishing worldwide in Oxford New York Auckland Bangkok Buenos Aires Cape Town Chennai Dar es Salaam Delhi Hong Kong Istanbul Karachi Kolkata KualaRead MoreSda Manual Essay101191 Words Ã |Ã 405 Pages............... Preservation of Financial Documents ..................................... Books Should Be Audited ......................................................... Relations With Members Confidential ..................................... 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He consults to organizations around the world on innovation, globalization, and transformation and has published extensively in leading academic and business journals. is the Robert and Jane Cizik Professor of Business Administration at Harvard Business School and the architect of and the worldÃ¢â¬â¢s foremost authority on disruptive innovation. Ã¢â¬Å"Businesses worldwide have been guided and in uenced by e InnovatorÃ¢â¬â¢s Dilemma and e InnovatorÃ¢â¬â¢s Solution. Now e InnovatorÃ¢â¬â¢s DNA shows whereRead MoreDeveloping Management Skills404131 Words Ã |Ã 1617 Pagesmymanagementlab is an online assessment and preparation solution for courses in Principles of Management, Human Resources, Strategy, and Organizational Behavior that helps you actively study and prepare material for class. Chapter-by-chapter activities, including built-in pretests and posttests, focus on what you need to learn and to review in order to succeed. Visit www.mymanagementlab.com to learn more. 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Wednesday, May 13, 2020
Elements in the Human Body and What They Do There are several ways to consider the composition of the human body, including the elements, type of molecule, or type of cells.Ã Most of the human body is made up of water, H2O, with cells consisting of 65-90% water by weight. Therefore, it isnt surprising that most of a human bodys mass is oxygen. Carbon, the basic unit for organic molecules, comes in second. 99% of the mass of the human body is made up of just six elements: oxygen, carbon, hydrogen, nitrogen, calcium, and phosphorus. Oxygen (O) - 65% - Oxygen together with hydrogen form water, which is the primary solvent found in the body and is used to regulate temperature and osmotic pressure. Oxygen is found in many key organic compounds.Carbon (C) - 18% - Carbon has four bonding sites for other atoms, which makes it the key atom for organic chemistry. Carbon chains are used to build carbohydrates, fats, nucleic acids, and proteins. Breaking bonds with carbon is an energy source.Hydrogen (H) - 10% - Hydrogen is found in water and in all organic molecules.Nitrogen (N) - 3% - Nitrogen is found in proteins and in the nucleic acids that make up the genetic code.Calcium (Ca) - 1.5% - Calcium is the most abundant mineral in the body. Its used as a structural material in bones, but it is essential for protein regulation and muscle contraction.Phosphorus (P) - 1.0% - Phosphorus is found in the molecule ATP, which is the primary energy carrier in cells. Its also found in bone.Potassium (K) - 0.35% - Potassium is an im portant electrolyte. Its used to transmit nerve impulses and heartbeat regulation.Sulfur (S) - 0.25% - Two amino acids include sulfur. The bonds sulfur forms help give proteins the shape they need to perform their functions.Sodium (Na) - 0.15% - Sodium is an important electrolyte. Like potassium, it is used for nerve signaling. Sodium is one of the electrolytes that helps regulate the amount of water in the body.Chlorine (Cl) - 0.15% -Ã Chlorine is an important negatively-charged ion (anion) used to maintain fluid balance.Magnesium (Mg) - 0.05% - Magnesium is involved in over 300 metabolic reactions. Its used to build the structure of muscles and bones and is an important cofactor in enzymatic reactions.Iron (Fe) - 0.006% - Iron is found in hemoglobin, the molecule responsible for oxygen transport in red blood cells.Copper (Cu), Zinc (Zn), Selenium (Se), Molybdenum (Mo), Fluorine (F), Iodine (I), Manganese (Mn), Cobalt (Co) - total less than 0.70%Lithium (Li), Strontium (Sr), Alum inum (Al), Silicon (Si), Lead (Pb), Vanadium (V), Arsenic (As), Bromine (Br) - present in trace amounts Many other elements may be found in extremely small quantities. For example, the human body often contains trace amounts of thorium, uranium, samarium, tungsten, beryllium, and radium. Trace elements considered essential in humans include zinc, iodine, possibly silicon, probably boron, selenium, probably nickel, chromium, manganese, lithium, possibly arsenic, molybdenum, cobalt, and possibly vanadium. Not all of the elements found within the body are essential for life. Some are considered contaminants that appear to do no harm, but serve no known function. Examples include cesium and titanium. Others are actively toxic, including mercury, cadmium, and the radioactive elements. Arsenic is considered to be toxic to humans, but serves a function in other mammals (goats, rats, hamsters) in trace amounts. Aluminum is interesting because it is the third most common element in the Earths crust, yet serves no known function in living cells. While fluorine is used by plants to produce protective toxins, it serves no essential biological role in human beings. You may also wish to view theÃ elemental composition of an average human bodyÃ by mass. Sources Chang, Raymond (2007). Chemistry, 9th Edition. McGraw-Hill. ISBN 0-07-110595-6.Emsley, John (2011). Natures Building Blocks: An A-Z Guide to the Elements. OUP Oxford. p. 83. ISBN 978-0-19-960563-7.Frausto Da Silva, J. J. R; Williams, R. J. P (2001-08-16). The Biological Chemistry of the Elements: The Inorganic Chemistry of Life. ISBN 9780198508489.H. A., V. W. Rodwell; P. A. Mayes, Review of Physiological Chemistry, 16th ed., Lange Medical Publications, Los Altos, California 1977.Zumdahl, Steven S. and Susan A. (2000). Chemistry, 5th Edition. Houghton Mifflin Company. p. 894. ISBN 0-395-98581-1.
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
Damascus Document Notes from the Damascus Document 1. The document opens by pointing out that during the time before the exile to Babylon when unfaithfulness was prevalent, causing God to bring about his wrath upon the people. 2. We will write a custom essay sample on A Brief History of Christianity before Jesus Christ or any similar topic only for you Order Now Then there came twenty years in which a remnant of the people knew their own guilt and tried to find a way to the path of righteousness, until God provided them with a Ã¢â¬Å"Teacher of RighteousnessÃ¢â¬ who revealed the will of God. 3. The teacher of righteousness was opposed by the Man of Mockery who brought about persecution to the group led some of them into all sorts of unrighteous acts and sinfulness. The Man of Mockery led some of the people to sin through the defilement of the temple and causing the people Ã¢â¬Å"to wonder in a pathless wildernessÃ¢â¬ ¦abolishing the ways of righteousnessÃ¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ 4. The teacher of righteousness was Ã¢â¬Å"passed awayÃ¢â¬ at some point and the writer pointed out that the incident marked the beginning of the end of all the fighters who deserted to the Liar. The writer also pointed out that period lasted about forty years. It seems as though the writer is saying that Ã¢â¬Å"passing awayÃ¢â¬ of the teacher of righteousness (perhaps killed) by the Man of Mockery, was began the forty year long war which ended all wars. 5. The righteous members of the group became the Ã¢â¬Å"the SeparatistsÃ¢â¬ when they left the Holy City. 6. The writer of the document foretells the coming of two Messiahs out to the Ã¢â¬Å"House of Aaron and Israel. Ã¢â¬ Perhaps this may have been a reference to the John the Baptist (House of Aaron) and to Jesus the Christ (House of Israel). The exception to this theory is that technically Jesus was from the House of Judah, but collectively he Judah was IsraelÃ¢â¬â¢s son, hence, the house of Israel would suffice. 7. The writer of the document explains the administrative hierarchy for members of the covenant. The one above all was the Overseer of the assembly. The document instructs that the Overseer shall teach the groups the ordinances of God and make decisions as to who can join the group and determine the rank that each will have. The Overseer Ã¢â¬Å"shall be from thirty to fifty years old and will have final say on all the groupÃ¢â¬â¢s activities. The Overseer was the ultimate authority that settled disputes between members. 8. The Document also stated that congregation shall be divided into groups of ten and every group of ten members required a priest that rules the group of ten. Each group of ten was to be registered by name and the first one to be enrolled was the priest; followed by the Levites; and then cam e the regular Israelites with the proselytes being the last. The same order followed when members were settled during meals and assembly meetings. Each of the members was assigned a rank. 9. From here the documents provides a long succession of rules that governed the members including: keeping the Sabbath (even a restriction from assisting an animal to give birth or pull it out of pit if the animal falls on the Sabbath); prohibitions against sleeping with a woman in the City of the Sanctuary; rules for bathing; restrictions against selling of clean animals or birds to gentiles in case they would offer them in sacrifices; rules to members with children that require them to force their children to take an oath to the covenant upon the age of enrollment; directives to the members to contribute two days of every monthÃ¢â¬â¢s incomes to the poor and needy; rules demanding all new members to study for a full year under the Overseer before partial membership if granted; and rules prohibiting any membership for lunatics, the maimed, madmen, the deaf, the blind, simpletons, the lame, and the underage. How to cite A Brief History of Christianity before Jesus Christ, Papers
Monday, May 4, 2020
The Darkness Out There written by Penelope Lively Essay The Darkness Out There written by Penelope Lively is a twentieth century story about a girl called Sandra who over a trip to an old ladys house realises that appearances can be deceiving and learns not to be so prejudge mental to people. She learns to be more mature and less naÃÆ'Ã ¯ve. Old Mrs Chundle is a pre-twentieth century tale about a curate who through an encounter with an old woman realises that he did not live up to the good person he had always imagined he had been, and also he feels guilty as a result of his wrong actions. The beginning of The Darkness Out There is a contrast to the title with descriptions of the country and also of the old woman Mrs Rutter. Brushing through the grass, polleny summer grass that glinted in the sun. This is your first impression of the surroundings Sandra travels through and an example of the contrasting descriptions compared to the gloomy title. Sandra has a strong pre-conception of old people being innocent and sweet who deserve to be treated well. They were really sweet, the old people. Her pre-conceptions are down to her innocence of being young and of her naivety too. Sandras natural assumption is that she assumes she is doing a good job giving up her time for the old people who deserved to be assisted. However as soon as Sandra gets a glimpse of Packers End the author changes the feeling of the story to dark and gloomy descriptions of the area, It was a rank place for example. This idea of the area given to the readers creates the impression that the darkness out there in this story is Packers End and gives a false illusion or pre-conception that the story is morally and fully based around it. The transition from the pleasant descriptions of the countryside to the of Packers End is quite blunt with one significant quote the light suddenly shutting off the bare wide sky of the field. Packers End. This quote is effective because it shows the change in mood and description. It also shows that Packers End is the darkness out there in Sandras mind too. You get the impression of Sandras fear by the comments made like she wouldnt go in there for a thousand pounds, which shows you the extent that she would go to in order to avoid approaching it. There are also many descriptions describing Sandras impressions of fear of the area like the greyness you couldnt quite see into the clotted shifting depths of the place. This quote not only shows Sandras fears but also describes the darkness out there as if until you look closer you cannot tell what it is. This relates back to the pre-judgemental attitude Sandra has towards Mrs Rutter and Kerry at the start of the story. Sandra is scared of Packers End because of all the tales that people had told her as a child like the ghostly presence of German aircrew, and recently the story of the girl that was raped and attacked there. Note that after many of the stories are told they end with people said. This suggests that Sandra does not really have an entire mind of her own and that people are influential in her thinking, which is probably why she is still afraid of Packers End. As a child she was, and still is, afraid of the ghostly place with wolves. But going into her teens it was mainly the Nazi plane and the rape that daunts her because they were more realistic things. Others again influence her on the supposed rape incident too. There was this girl, people at school saidÃ ¢Ã¢â ¬Ã ¦ This quote gives evidence of her listening to what people told her and she appears to be very gullible, which makes her more naÃÆ'Ã ¯ve of the real life and Packers End Sandra has an idyllic life as her dream for the future for example travelling to perfect places you can get. She would go to places like on travel brochures and run into a blue sea. As this shows she with other younger people dream of not the real world with financial problems and divorce but a flawless lifestyle where nothing could go wrong. Sandra also dreams of having a perfect home and location and a handsome husband. Two children, a boy and a girl. Children with fair and shiny hair like hers and there would be this manÃ ¢Ã¢â ¬Ã ¦ This quote portrays the lifestyle that she would like and shows her assumption that it will happen. However Sandra overlooks any possibility that some of her ideas could become flawed. But on the other hand she does seem to take her future seriously however naÃÆ'Ã ¯ve she may be. Compared to Kerry Stevens realistic plan for life hers is like a dream because Kerry seems to have his feet firmly on the ground. The writer uses Sandras ideas of her storybook future to further give evidence of he naivety, and by using comparisons to Kerrys future further shows how much her head appears to be up in the clouds. Kerry Stevens does not make a good impression on Sandra in terms of appearance because he was not the best looking person and the writer shows Sandras judgemental attitude by her initial opinions of Kerry at a first glance. Some people you only have to look at to know theyre not up to much. This quote shows her opinions of not Kerry but also of the way she views other people as well. The way the writer has shown Sandras judgemental side is to also show a contrast in the story to give evidence of change in her character later on in the story. Sandra has a good view of Mrs Rutter mainly because of the portrayal of the woman being really sweet, lots of the old people. This is her pre-conception before she even sees the old lady. This gives us a good understanding of not only her judging character towards appearances of people but also portrays judgement of personality for the first time also. Sandra thinks that Mrs Rutter is a very nice lady because of her friendly initial welcome to her, which is understandable because not only does the writer make Sandra think this but the reader also, perhaps to deceive us about Mrs Rutters personality and to make ourselves pre- conceive her character too. A creamy smiling pool of a face in which her eyes snapped and darted. This quote gives the impression of a plump, harmless old woman, which the writer purposely wants us the reader and Sandra to think for the deception that occurs later on in the tale. The writer encourages us, Sandra and Kerry also to feel sympathy towards her because of the fact that she is alone and her husbands death in the war was very tragic. He was in one of the first campaigns in Belgium, and he never came back. The way that Mrs Rutter describes his death creates sympathy naturally and the fact she has been alone for years makes you feel sorry for her further. The writer also creates more sympathy when we learn that she was childless and regrets it because she feels it a loss not to have had any. It is more shocking to learn about what Mrs Rutter did because of the circumstances that her husband died in. You would have thought that considering he was gunned down in the same way as the German that she would have had more sympathy towards the man. However instead of giving him a chance to live, Mrs Rutters coldness and nastiness allowed him to suffer. At this point we see a change in the story where we the reader, Sandra and Kerry see her in a different perspective to what we initially thought of her apart from Kerry, who had a slight suspicion about of her to begin with. Pip's Education in Great Expectations EssayThe writer shows the change in the Curates character by his ignorance of the old lady in the sermon. He blocks up the tube after her bad smell lingers up the tube towards him. Desperately thrusting his thumb into the hole. This quote shows that the Curate is being very intolerant and has at this point no concern about the old woman, only himself. The Curate is also shown to be self conscious about himself because he has blocked up the pipe probably to avoid further embarrassment towards himself in church. To the Curates total dismay Mrs Chundle is very overjoyed by her ability to hear clearly. I shall come every Sunday morning reglar, now, please God. This shows her new enthusiasm about church, and the writer illustrates this by using strong words in her dialogue for example Please God. After Mrs Chundle attends church regularly the writer shows a transition in the Curates character. I cannot stand this I shall tell her not to come. This quote shows how rude and inconsiderate he is becoming after his encounters with Mrs Chundle. We also see the Curate setting out to reverse what he had been doing just to stop Mrs Chundle bothering him. He becomes very selfish because he is only considering the consequences of removing the pipe on his part and not hers. For example he simply thinks of no embarrassment at his sermons and no bother, not that the old woman would be unhappy, lonely and not be able to attend something that she enjoys. Ive promised to go and read to her but I shant go. The writer also illustrates the Curate to be a very angry man by showing how he puts off a simple task of going to see Mrs Chundle and again does not consider how rude it is towards the old woman. He was described as being vexed about the matter viewing it as an ordeal for himself. He is shown once again by his actions in this story to being a very selfish man and inconsiderate of other peoples feelings. The writer builds up the guilt the Curate should feel after Mrs Chundles death by putting the emphasis on Mrs Chundles circumstances of death. She became ill partly because perhaps she did not want to let the Curate down after all the trouble that he had went to for her. She harried overmuch, and runned up the hill. It upset her heart. This quote shows the trouble that Mrs Chundle had gone to, to get to church on time so she did not miss the Curates sermon. The writer also creates the guilt by the way that Mrs Chundle did not assume that he did not come for bad reasons as she said that he was so loyal to her. This creates guilt by the fact that Mrs Chundle thought so well of him. You were so staunch and faithful in wishing to do her good. This quote emphasises how well she thought of him and how loyal she considered the Curate to be, and it also shows that she had no doubt at all that he was being unkind towards her in any way. The writer finally emphasises the point of guilt concerning the will by the words that Mrs Chundle said to the woman as she handed over the will to give to the Curate. Hes a man in a thousand. Hes not ashamed of an old womanÃ ¢Ã¢â ¬Ã ¦ This quote gives evidence that Mrs Chundle considers him very considerate and kind, when told this the Curate must have felt not only guilt but also moved too. This is because of the way that she thought of him so highly. Also the amount of possessions that Mrs Chundle had left the Curate shows a lot. Firstly it made him realise that he was the only friend that she had and did not have much in her life at all. It also shows that he must have meant a lot to her for her to leave him with everything that she owned. On opening it he found it to be what she called her will, in which shed left him herÃ ¢Ã¢â ¬Ã ¦ This quote shows the extent at which she had given him in return for the good ways she had thought that the Curate treated her. The way that Mrs Chundle died and the will for example, are used by the writer to make us assume that the Curate will be guilty, shocked and upset over her death. This is also because of the way that he treated her. However judging by the ending the Curate does not seem very flustered by everything and is very calm apart from a tear in his eye. The writer uses like Peter to compare what the Curate has done with Peter before the death of Christ. The correlation is that they both betrayed Mrs Chundle and Christ, which is effective because Hardy shows the extent of the Curates unkindness further. And as he went his eyes were wetÃ ¢Ã¢â ¬Ã ¦ This quote shows to us that the Curate is moved in some way by what has happened. Although he prays we assume for forgiveness and Mrs Chundle, will he change for the future or does he consider that a prayer of repentance will be good enough and he will no longer feel any more guilt? He rose brushed the knees of his trousers, and walked on. This quote at the end does suggest that now he has prayed for his sins that he can carry on normally, and that the Curate has not really learnt his lesson. At this point we as the reader are expected to be and are very sympathetic towards Mrs Chundle and only contempt towards the Curate. Therefore you can clearly see that again the writer has created a reversal in character feeling, because we liked the Curate at first as he went to all the trouble for Mrs Chundle. However he reversed in to a rude and inconsiderate man. Whereas we initially thought Mrs Chundle was rude but she turned out to be a kind and thoughtful woman. In The Darkness Out There and Old Mrs Chundle, both writers have created a good effect of deception where the Sandra and we the reader are surprised in the change in character of Mrs Rutter, Mrs Chundle and the Curate. As a result of the encounters with these two old women, both of the main characters have changed in different ways. During the story the curate changed from being a kind-hearted man to being rude, selfish and ignorant towards Mrs Chundle. The Curate like Sandra was also naÃÆ'Ã ¯ve himself because he could not realise how his bad actions were affecting the old woman. He does change a little because he realises what his duties are as a Curate and in future how far he should take them, like not interfering so much with others. Sandra has changed her view on life by being more realistic about things rather than having her head up in the clouds so much. She is also less naÃÆ'Ã ¯ve about people and has learned not to be so pre-judgemental about people and that looks can be deceiving. The writer shows Sandras change in character by comparing her views of Packers End before and after she has changed in attitude to emphasise the fact that she has grown up more.
Sunday, March 29, 2020
Introduction Seven years after accession talks for Turkey to the European Union (EU) began, the prospects of membership remain dim. The EU is a union of European states that was formed after decades worth of efforts towards economic and political integration of countries in the continent.Advertising We will write a custom essay sample on Why is Turkey still not a member of the EU specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More This Union has led to significant benefits for the member countries due to the good relations enjoyed among member countries. Economic prosperity and political stability have been achieved because of the union. As the membership of the EU has increased, the union has acquired marked political, economic, and financial influence on the global stage and it is now considered a power on its own right. For this reasons, most of the countries in the European continent have been aspiring to join the EU and gain the benefits attach ed to EU membership. Specifically, Turkey has shown great interest in joining the EU with its leaders actively urging EU leaders to include the country in the Union (Teitelbaum Philip 2003). However, the country has been unable to achieve this goal to date. This paper will delve into the political, economic, and cultural reasons that have contributed to the delayed accession of Turkey to the European Union. Reasons for Delayed Accession EU Members Opposition to Turkey TurkeyÃ¢â¬â¢s economic instability has delayed its accession to the EU. European Union member states enjoy a relatively high standard of living and income per capita. Teitelbaum and Philip (2003) assert that Turkey suffers from an unproductive and unstable economy. Specifically, Turkey suffers from a higher unemployment rate that the average rate in the EU countries. There are fears that if Turkey became a member of the EU, it would be an economic burden to the union since millions of Turks would immigrate to coun tries where there are jobs and higher wages. The EU would also have to make significant monetary investments to bring Turkey at par with the rest of the union. Turkey has been denied accession because of insufficient democracy in the country. Although Turkey has been practicing a multi-party system and free elections since 1950s, the Turkish democracy has not steadily developed over the decades. Specifically, there have been a number of direct military interventions on the political of the country.Advertising Looking for essay on international relations? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Turkey has engaged in democratic reforms in order to meet EU requirements and subsequent membership. However, the rate of political reforms has been very slow. These slow reform process is seen as an indication of TurkeyÃ¢â¬â¢s unwillingness to comply with EU standards by some EU leaders (Burgin 2010). The EU requires certain values and ideals to be upheld by a country before it gains full membership to the union. One of these ideals is that the candidate country must have good human rights records and treat its citizens (including minority groups) with respect and fairness. Human rights are given a great consideration by the EU and they have grown to become an important dimension of the UnionÃ¢â¬â¢s foreign relations (Cakmak 2003). The governmentÃ¢â¬â¢s response to the Kurdistan WorkersÃ¢â¬â¢ Party (PKK) has also been criticized. The harsh treatment of these separatist group and military aggression in dealing with the Kurdish problem has led to a deterioration of human rights performance of Turkey. Celebi (2009) documents that the way Turkey has reacted to the Kurdish problem has become a major obstacle slowing down TurkeyÃ¢â¬â¢s accession to the EU. Until TurkeyÃ¢â¬â¢s human rights record becomes as good as stipulated by the EU, the countryÃ¢â¬â¢s prospects for full membership will remain low. Religion has played a major role in the delayed accession of Turkey to the EU. The EU is made up of countries that have predominantly Christian populations. As a country with a Muslim majority, many European leaders feel that admitting Turkey into the EU would greatly damage the integrity of the union. As it currently stands, Islamic influence in the EU is negligible with Muslim parliamentarians being absent in most countries and in the countries where they are present, they are vastly outnumbered by their non-Muslim counterparts (Pahre Burcu 2009). There are fears that if Turkey gains membership to the EU, the Muslim influence in the union will increase exponentially and therefore damage EU cohesion due to the cultural differences. Some leaders even argue that granting Turkey full membership would open the door for other Muslim nations in the Middle East therefore degenerating the EU into Ã¢â¬Å"nothing more than a free trade communityÃ¢â¬ (Teitelbaum Philip 2003, p.98).Advertising We will write a custom essay sample on Why is Turkey still not a member of the EU specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More The population of Turkey is also a hindrance to the quick accession to the EU. Opponents of Turkey membership state that the EU lacks absorption capacity and including Turkey would overstretch the union (Burgin 2010). At a population of about 67 million as of 2003, the country was projected to be more populous than any EU member state by 2014 (Teitelbaum Philip 2003). This is a very significant factor considering that citizens of any member state are guaranteed the right to move freely to any other EU state and seek jobs there on equal basis with the locals. The threat of mass emigration from Turkey should, it become a member of the EU, is therefore a major consideration by leaders of EU countries. The population of Turkey will also have implications on the EU since it will give the country likely voting weight. Some oppon ents to TurkeyÃ¢â¬â¢s EU membership argue that this would Ã¢â¬Å"completely change the architecture of the EUÃ¢â¬ (Pahre Burcu 2009, p.358). Turkish Opposition In addition to the hesitance demonstrated by EU leaders, a segment of the Turkish population is also reluctant to join the EU. Surveys conducted in Turkey concerning EU membership note that support for accession to the EU has been diminishing in recent years (Celebi 2009). Turks have been opposed to the preconditions set by the EU especially concerning its democratic processes. According to some of the countryÃ¢â¬â¢s leaders, the system in place is respectful to democracy and the excess pressure from the EU is seen as an imposition on TurkeyÃ¢â¬â¢s internal affairs. Membership to the EU requires Turkey to conform to certain European values and culture. These values have a Western and Christian basis since most European Countries have a Christian background. The imposition of such values has led to a rise in nation alism and conservative reactions against the EU (Pahre Burcu 2009). A segment of the Turkish population wants the country to be able to follow its own norms and not conform with those stipulated by the EU in order to gain membership to the union. Discussion Turkey has been unable to gain EU membership in spite of its 5-decade long effort to do so. This failure has been caused by the opposition to TurkeyÃ¢â¬â¢s membership by EU leaders and the failure by Turkey to compellingly meet the membership pre-conditions. Some sceptics express doubt as to whether the European Union will be willing to admit Turkey even if the country is able to fulfil all the requirements imposed on it.Advertising Looking for essay on international relations? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More However, all this is highly speculative since the country is already engaged in accession talks. Turkey has proved to be a worthy contender for EU membership and has remained a steadfast military partner though NATO. The country would therefore offer much to the EU if granted membership. However, the country will have to engage in significant changes in its political and cultural sphere in order to gain admission to the EU. Conclusion This paper set out to discuss the reasons why TurkeyÃ¢â¬â¢s full membership to the EU has been delayed. It has pointed out that TurkeyÃ¢â¬â¢s accession has been delayed based on cultural, economic, and political reasons. The paper has articulated that in addition to economic and political considerations, cultural and religious views are also taken into consideration when considering a country for EU membership. These factors have slowed down the process of Turkey gaining membership to the EU. The paper has also observed that there is also internal opposition to EU membership by some Turk nationalists. However, this internal opposition is limited and majority of the population favour EU membership. The major cause of delay is from the EU member states. While TurkeyÃ¢â¬â¢s EU ambitions continue to be great, it is hard to predict whether the ambitions will result in full membership considering the many forces opposing TurkeyÃ¢â¬â¢s accession to the EU. References Burgin, A 2010, Ã¢â¬ËOngoing opposition in the West, new options in the East: is TurkeyÃ¢â¬â¢s EU accession process reversible?Ã¢â¬â¢, Journal of Balkan and Near Eastern Studies, vol. 12 no. 4, pp. 417-435. Cakmak, C 2003, Ã¢â¬ËHuman Rights, The European Union and TurkeyÃ¢â¬â¢, Turkish Journal of International Relations, vol. 2 no. 3, pp.63-90. Celebi, N 2009, Ã¢â¬ËOpinions of Students at Turkish and German Universities on Turkey in the EU Accession ProcessÃ¢â¬â¢, Educational Sciences: Theory Practice vol. 9 no.2, pp. 475-491 Nisser, S 2009, Ã¢â¬ËBe tween Ethnic-Nationalism, Civic-Nationalism and osmopolitanism: Discourses on the Identity of the EU and the Debates on TurkeyÃ¢â¬â¢s AccessionÃ¢â¬â¢, Turkish Journal of International Relations, vol. 8 no. 2, pp. 1-23. Pahre, R Burcu, U 2009, Ã¢â¬ËThe Myths of Turkish Influence in the European UnionÃ¢â¬â¢, JCMS, vol. 47 no. 2, pp. 357-384. Teitelbaum, SM Philip, LM 2003, Ã¢â¬ËIs Turkey Ready for Europe?Ã¢â¬â¢, Foreign Affairs, vol. 82 no. 3, pp. 97-111. This essay on Why is Turkey still not a member of the EU was written and submitted by user Mar1a to help you with your own studies. You are free to use it for research and reference purposes in order to write your own paper; however, you must cite it accordingly. You can donate your paper here.
Saturday, March 7, 2020
FIN 419 Week 3 Problems Essays - Mathematical Finance, Loans Problem 1-A $85,000.00 Future Value: $873,260.59 9%FV 30$873,260.59 PV(D2,D3,D1) Interest:9% Answer Years:35Future Value:$42,777.60 PV(B4,B6,0,B2,0) Problem 1-B Present Value$85,000.00 Interest:11% Answer Years:30Future Value:$738,972.37 PV(B10,B12,B8) Problem 1-C If rates were to raise the amounts needed for the 35 year period prior to retiring would lower. Increasing the interest rate increases the future value of the investment causing a lesser amount to be required. Problem 2-A YearAmountPresnt Value FactorPresent Value 1 $7,000.00 0.9345794391/(1+A19)^B24 $6,542.06 B19*D19 2 $4,000.00 0.9259797991/(1+A20)^B24 $3,703.92 B20*D20 3 $8,000.00 0.9075191551/(1+A21)^B24 $7,260.15 B21*D21 4 $10,000.00 0.8934537991/(1+A22)^B24 $8,934.54 B22*D22 5 $13,000.00 0.8821235421/(1+A23)^B24 $11,467.61 B23*D23 Rate7%Total (Answer) $37,908.27 Problem 2-B When the earning rate increases the total amount decreases. As the rate increases so does the interest earned toward the investment. The larger your rate is the lower your present value will need to be to cover your future value shortfall Problem 3-A Amount: $(25,000.00)$10,768.29 PMT(B31,B32,B30)End of Year Loan Payment Annual Interest:14%Answer Years:3 Payments:3 Problem 3-B Please see attached excel spreadsheet for Loan Amortization Schedule Problem 3-C As the principal amount is paid onto a loan the interest amount decreases. This is because interest is determined based on present balance. Problem 4-A To start we are putting $500 down on a $6,500 loan, which leaves $6,000 Loan: $(6,000.00) Annual Rate:14% Years:2Answer Payments:24Monthly Payment:$288.08 PMT(B43/12,B45,B42) Total:$6,913.86 E45*B45 Problem 4-B Again, to start we are putting $500 down on a $6,500 loan, which leaves $6,000 Loan: $(6,000.00) Annual Rate:9% Years:2Answer Payments:24Monthly Payment:$274.11 PMT(B49/12,B45,B48) Total$6,578.60 E52*B52
Thursday, February 20, 2020
Rhetoric - Essay Example For example, in the speechÃ¢â¬â¢s original Greek version, a deliberate effect called as proparoxytone that Pericles used at his speechÃ¢â¬â¢s climax to enhance the level of engagement of the audience is the rapid ending syllables succession all of whose words start with the letter e. One of the most significant statement of the speech is Ã¢â¬Å"Our form of government does not enter into rivalry with the institutions of othersÃ¢â¬ (Pericles cited in Hooker). By making this statement, Pericles tried to impress about other nations that AthensÃ¢â¬â¢s government neither interferes with nor challenges other governmental forms and rules. Ã¢â¬Å"RivalryÃ¢â¬ is the key work Pericles used her to undermine any sense of competition among the governments of nations. He justified his claim by saying, Ã¢â¬Å"Our government does not copy our neighborsÃ¢â¬â¢, but is an example to themÃ¢â¬ (Pericles cited in Hooker). These words were meant to please the audience for they lose their relatives in a winning cause and also because Athens leads other nations by being an example, rather than following other nations. It is the opinion of certain critics that PericlesÃ¢â¬â¢ speech is just a typical politicianÃ¢â¬â¢s empty rhetoric on the basis of the description of democracy in Athens. Pericles states, Ã¢â¬Å"It is true that we are called a democracy, for the administration is in the hands of the many and not of the fewÃ¢â¬ (Pericles cited in Hooker). Here, the strategy used by Pericles is this assumption that the democratic form of government is known to everybody because it is controlled by a majority rather than a minority. Rather than empty rhetoric, PericlesÃ¢â¬â¢ speech is a model of epideictic oratory which is used to blame or praise in ceremonies. Epideictic rhetoric is a rhetoric of commemoration, demonstration, declamation, and ceremony on one hand, and on other hand, is the rhetoric of display,